Relaxation, flaccidity and fatigue: what is and how long is the refractory period in men?

It is the time that man needs to return to ejaculate after a previous ejaculation. Hormonal and external factors – such as the quality of the erotic stimulus, stress and the pressure to “comply” sexually – influence the ability of man to get a new erection. The opinion of the specialists

No matter what the brain demands, the body simply will not deliver. After an ejaculation, the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the fight or flight response, sends the signal to the body to calm down and relax. As a consequence, the release of neurotransmitters is activated, which causes the smooth muscle of the penis to contract, causing it to flaccid.

The refractory period or the recovery period incorporated in man is the time after ejaculation where a man can not have an erection again. According to the International Society of Sexual Medicine, during the refractory period a man does not think about having sexual intercourse nor can he achieve sexual arousal. Your body does not respond to stimulation and will not respond until the period is over.

According to the sexologist, Mariana Kersz explained in the case of women their period of excitement is much slower than that of men, and the period of resolution at the end of the sexual act and before starting a new sexual relationship is much longer in them than in women.

That a man at the end of the sexual act wants to start again and cannot, does not necessarily reflect impotence, but has to do with a biological and physiological issue. According to the expert, the human sexual response is based on desire, excitement, the pre-orgasmic plateau, the refractory orgasm and resolution period.

For most people, this forced rest is not a big problem. The biggest problem arises for younger couples who want to have consecutive sessions of the sexual act.

Walter Ghedin, a psychiatrist and sexologist, explained: ” Just as the ways of initiating erotic courts tend to repeat themselves, so are the rigid behaviors that are established as a custom at the end of the sexual act, sometimes with claims of a of the parties, others with resignation and in some cases with the hope of a change “.

According to research, the period is longer after an ejaculation caused by a sexual relationship, and not by self-pleasure (Getty Images)

It is understood as the refractory period the one that mediates between two ejaculations and not between the orgasms since some men who practice tantric sex can reach an orgasm without ejaculating. Therefore, after an orgasm can resume the excitement. “The emission of semen is followed by a state of relaxation and sexual satisfaction called the refractory period: at this time all new erotic stimuli are rejected,” Ghedin added.

The science behind the period

According to a study published by the journal Biological Psychology, the increase in post-orgasmic prolactin after intercourse is 400% greater than that after masturbation, in addition to suggesting greater satiety.

During ejaculation, men release a cocktail of brain chemicals that include norepinephrine, serotonin, oxytocin, vasopressin, nitric oxide, and the hormone prolactin. The latter represses dopamine, a key chemical in desire and motivation, which is related to drowsiness and feelings of sexual satisfaction.

According to a study designed to examine the role of central dopaminergic mechanisms in the control of the post-ejaculatory refractory period, the more dopamine receptors are blocked, the longer the period will last.

At the same time, the production of serotonin and prolactin counteracts excitation. Prolactin is the hormone most strongly associated with the refractory period: the lower the prolactin levels, the quicker you can start over.

On what does its duration depend?

A young man may have five or more erections and orgasms in a day with a new partner, while another young man in the same circumstances may not have the drive or ability to have more than one (Getty Images)

Although it depends on multiple factors, the most important for experts is the age group to which the individual belongs. The refractory period in teenagers is around a few minutes, it takes about a few hours in adults, and most men who cross the seniors can take up to one day.

“The refractory period extends with age, young people have very short refractory periods that increase over the years, making the relationships more widely spaced,” Ghedin warned.

However, the level of desire and sensitivity, excitement, quality and emotional state of a relationship, the consumption of toxic substances and practically everything that affects the ability to start a sexual relationship are the other factors that come into play, even more so when man finds himself struggling against the natural inclinations of his body to recharge his energies.

Some keys to reducing it

“It really cannot be controlled, but increasing excitement helps shorten the time,” Kersz explained. In especially exciting circumstances, the unexpected happens, and men may be surprised by how quickly their erections return and with their ability to have orgasms in relatively rapid succession.

Renting a hotel room instead of having sex at home, practicing sex in the morning instead of at night or buying lingerie are just a few of the small efforts to add novelty that may be enough for the excitement to dominate the systems.

However, several books claim that men are able to eliminate the refractory period and have multiple orgasms similar to multiple female orgasms by learning to separate ejaculation from orgasm.

While it is a strange phenomenon that requires practice, if a man can refrain from ejaculating during orgasm, he may be able to have multiple orgasms. For experts, it is essential to understand ejaculation and orgasm as separate processes.

In addition, those men who started masturbation or other sexual activity before puberty report the ability to have achieved multiple orgasms, without ejaculation, without refractory periods during that time in their lives.

Problems in the couple for refractory periods

Lack of respect for physical and emotional limits in relation to sex, and tying pleasure in orgasm could be the main causes (Getty Images)

Trying to impose a somewhat arbitrary order of events in the sexual life, or ignoring the man when he communicates having physically and psychologically lost the sexual impulse immediately after the orgasm, does not return the same sense of care and respect.

Due to the cultural priority of female pleasure over the pleasure of man, many of them feel pressure to take their partners to the second orgasm, and do not relax or concentrate on their own pleasure before fulfilling this ‘duty’.

“Like most human behaviors, sexual behavior tends to become routine and the best that can happen is that the individual or couple’s interest arises to raise the issue and introduce changes .” Desire does not appear if it is not helped with actions, gestures that detonate and increase, “said Ghedin.

For the expert, a woman who is waiting a little longer may feel that her partner only fulfilled a physiological act, or kind of ‘discharge’ that, although pleasurable for both, is then lived as a selfish act.

The differences according to gender

Women do not have long refractory periods as men do, but fatigue after orgasm or multiple orgasms may temporarily cause them to lose interest in sex.

The physiology in this resolution phase marks some gender differences. “In men,” Ghedin added, ” the sudden drop in testosterone, dopamine, and the increase in serotonin cause a state of relaxation, drowsiness or the need to get out of bed and change activity.”

“If a woman is multi-orgasmic, in the same sexual encounter, until the man ejaculates, she can have almost twenty orgasms … Potentially, all women can do it, but they must know what to do to achieve it and know the technique,” Kersz explained…

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