Without a specific cause, it accounts for 3.8% of all women’s tumors and ranks fifth in frequency after breast cancer, uterine cervix, colon-rectum, and lung, according to the National Cancer Institute
The ovary and the fallopian tubes are part of the female reproductive system. It has an ovary and a tube on each side of the uterus, the central organ for fetal growth during pregnancy. The peritoneum is a tissue that lines the inside of the wall of the abdomen and this, in turn, is close to the ovaries and tubes.
“Currently, the correct terminology is to talk about ovarian, tubal and peritoneal cancers that, although they are biologically different, are treated both surgically and oncologically in a similar way,” explained the Head of Gynecologic Oncology Section of the German Hospital, Federico Bianchi (MN 134936).
In figures of the INC, the disease occupies the fifth place in frequency after breast cancer, uterus-cervix, colon-rectum and lung
As explained by the expert, ” the ovary is the seat of various types of tumors, being more frequent (90%) located in the superficial tissue (the layer that covers the ovary) thereof and are called epithelial tumors.”
In figures from the National Cancer Institute (INC), the disease ranks fifth in frequency after cancer of the breast, uterus-cervix, colon-rectum, and lung.
After ensuring that “ovarian cancer is a disease that predominantly affects post-menopausal women and currently there are no early detection methods available “, understanding as such those studies that detect the disease before it generates symptoms, Bianchi stressed that “a specific cause that produces it is not recognized, but it is associated with women who did not have children, relating this to a greater number of ovulation”.
On the other hand, there is a genetic risk (5-10%) called ovarian-breast cancer syndrome.
Ovarian cancer must be treated by gynecologists specialized in oncological gynecology
Few symptoms, another factor that delays diagnosis
“Ovarian cancer is a disease that usually produces very few symptoms and, in the case of producing them, they are not specific,” said the specialist, who said: “These can vary from a slight discomfort in the lower abdomen, pain in that area, pressure in the pelvic region until distention of the abdomen. If the symptoms worsen or do not disappear you should consult with a gynecologist to diagnose as soon as possible and treat the problem quickly. ”
If ovarian cancer is suspected, studies should be requested to determine the status of the disease, such as physical examination, tumor markers, transvaginal ultrasounds, tomographies, and resonances, determining if the disease is limited to the ovaries or if it has spread through the abdominal cavity.
Bianchi emphasized that “ovarian cancer should be treated by gynecologists specialized in oncological gynecology, subspecialists destined to treat only oncological diseases of the female reproductive system “.
Regarding the treatment, the specialist specified that “fundamentally lies in the resection or removal of the tumor along with the uterus, pelvic nodes in cases detected early or surgery with multi-organ resections (several organs) in advanced stages, followed most of the time by chemotherapy ”
The most effective treatments to date are those in which chemotherapy is administered within the abdominal cavity, called intraperitoneal chemotherapy.